Pancreatitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the pancreas. In this disease, pancreatic enzymes damage the tissue of the pancreas itself. Acute pancreatitis needs urgent treatment, and chronic pancreatitis needs regular maintenance therapy. The leading contact in the list of such measures is therapeutic diet. Its main purpose is to prevent the overproduction of pancreatic enzymes by reducing the mechanical and chemical effects on the digestive tract.
General nutrition rules
The success of a therapeutic diet depends not only on choosing the right diet, but also on following simple rules:
- avoid overeating. With a therapeutic diet, it is important to eat until full, but at the same time not to allow the stomach to overflow;
- fractional meals (5-6 times a day). It is important to eat properly and follow a strict schedule. Under no circumstances should you go hungry all day and eat large portions at once. The diet should be divided into small portions, so the body better absorbs nutrients and the patient feels full during the day.
- excluding very cold or hot foods. Cooked food should be slightly warmer than room temperature;
- cooked in certain ways. With pancreatitis, solid foods and dishes with fried crusts are excluded. It is better to prefer fried or well-cooked foods, as well as liquid and jelly. Also, instead of fried foods, you need boiled, baked or steamed food.
What to avoid
Prohibited foods for pancreatitis include those that are difficult and long to digest, as well as those that are highly irritating to the digestive system and, accordingly, the pancreas:
- rich meat, fish and mushroom broths and soups;
- smoked sausages and smoked products in general;
- cans and marinades;
- fresh dough and bread;
- spinach, sorrel, garlic, radish, radish;
- raw vegetables;
- vinegar, mustard, pepper;
- hot and spicy sauces and condiments;
- alcohol, strong tea and coffee.
Such a list is generalized and can be expanded according to body characteristics, the course of the disease, the form of pancreatitis (in acute or chronic remission), as well as the patient's age and nutritional status.
What to eat is recommended
Although the therapeutic diet for pancreatitis has many restrictions, the diet of allowed foods is very diverse:
- low-fat meats and poultry are cleaned from the skin and tendons before use. Quenels, cutlets, and mashed potatoes are recommended, and sometimes a small piece of low-fat poultry is allowed;
- lean fish. Boiled, steamed, in the form of cutlets and soufflés;
- dried bread made of high-grade flour, biscuits without bread;
- vegetarian broths and soups with mashed vegetables, vegetable puree soups, soups with boiled cereals (semolina, rice, hercules) or finely chopped vegetables (potatoes, pumpkins, carrots);
- low-fat cottage cheese and cottage cheese dishes (soufflés, puddings, steamed cheesecakes, etc. ), milk - low-fat sour milk drinks, only as part of ready meals;
- steamed or baked protein omelet, yolk is allowed - no more than 1 piece. in a day;
- cereals with milk and water, some cereals (semolina, buckwheat, oatmeal and oatmeal), boiled vermicelli are allowed;
- only ready-made vegetables (steamed, boiled or baked): potatoes, cauliflower, beets and carrots;
- ripe fruits in baked, boiled form, as well as in the form of kissel, mousse and jelly;
- weak tea with lemon, sweet fruit and berry juices, hips decoction.